Build 1.0_r1(from source)

java.util.concurrent
Class LinkedBlockingQueue<E>

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.util.AbstractCollection<E>
      extended by java.util.AbstractQueue<E>
          extended by java.util.concurrent.LinkedBlockingQueue<E>
Type Parameters:
E - the type of elements held in this collection
All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable, Iterable<E>, Collection<E>, BlockingQueue<E>, Queue<E>

public class LinkedBlockingQueue<E>
extends AbstractQueue<E>
implements BlockingQueue<E>, Serializable

An optionally-bounded blocking queue based on linked nodes. This queue orders elements FIFO (first-in-first-out). The head of the queue is that element that has been on the queue the longest time. The tail of the queue is that element that has been on the queue the shortest time. New elements are inserted at the tail of the queue, and the queue retrieval operations obtain elements at the head of the queue. Linked queues typically have higher throughput than array-based queues but less predictable performance in most concurrent applications.

The optional capacity bound constructor argument serves as a way to prevent excessive queue expansion. The capacity, if unspecified, is equal to Integer.MAX_VALUE. Linked nodes are dynamically created upon each insertion unless this would bring the queue above capacity.

This class implements all of the optional methods of the Collection and Iterator interfaces.

Since:
1.5
See Also:
Serialized Form

Nested Class Summary
(package private) static class LinkedBlockingQueue.Node<E>
          Linked list node class
 
Constructor Summary
LinkedBlockingQueue()
          Creates a LinkedBlockingQueue with a capacity of Integer.MAX_VALUE.
LinkedBlockingQueue(Collection<? extends E> c)
          Creates a LinkedBlockingQueue with a capacity of Integer.MAX_VALUE, initially containing the elements of the given collection, added in traversal order of the collection's iterator.
LinkedBlockingQueue(int capacity)
          Creates a LinkedBlockingQueue with the given (fixed) capacity.
 
Method Summary
 void clear()
          Removes all elements of the queue.
 int drainTo(Collection<? super E> c)
          Removes all available elements from this queue and adds them into the given collection.
 int drainTo(Collection<? super E> c, int maxElements)
          Removes at most the given number of available elements from this queue and adds them into the given collection.
 Iterator<E> iterator()
          Returns an iterator over the elements in this queue in proper sequence.
 boolean offer(E o)
          Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue if possible, returning immediately if this queue is full.
 boolean offer(E o, long timeout, TimeUnit unit)
          Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue, waiting if necessary up to the specified wait time for space to become available.
 E peek()
          Gets but not removes the element in the head of the queue, or throws exception if there is no element in the queue.
 E poll()
          Gets and removes the element in the head of the queue, or returns null if there is no element in the queue.
 E poll(long timeout, TimeUnit unit)
          Retrieves and removes the head of this queue, waiting if necessary up to the specified wait time if no elements are present on this queue.
 void put(E o)
          Adds the specified element to the tail of this queue, waiting if necessary for space to become available.
 int remainingCapacity()
          Returns the number of elements that this queue can ideally (in the absence of memory or resource constraints) accept without blocking.
 boolean remove(Object o)
          Removes the first occurrence of the specified object from this Collection.
 int size()
          Returns the number of elements in this queue.
 E take()
          Retrieves and removes the head of this queue, waiting if no elements are present on this queue.
 Object[] toArray()
          Returns a new array containing all elements contained in this Collection.
<T> T[]
toArray(T[] a)
          Returns an array containing all elements contained in this Collection.
 String toString()
          Returns the string representation of this Collection.
 
Methods inherited from class java.util.AbstractQueue
add, addAll, element, remove
 
Methods inherited from class java.util.AbstractCollection
contains, containsAll, isEmpty, removeAll, retainAll
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 
Methods inherited from interface java.util.concurrent.BlockingQueue
add
 
Methods inherited from interface java.util.Queue
element, remove
 
Methods inherited from interface java.util.Collection
addAll, contains, containsAll, equals, hashCode, isEmpty, removeAll, retainAll
 

Constructor Detail

LinkedBlockingQueue

public LinkedBlockingQueue()
Creates a LinkedBlockingQueue with a capacity of Integer.MAX_VALUE.


LinkedBlockingQueue

public LinkedBlockingQueue(int capacity)
Creates a LinkedBlockingQueue with the given (fixed) capacity.

Parameters:
capacity - the capacity of this queue.
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if capacity is not greater than zero.

LinkedBlockingQueue

public LinkedBlockingQueue(Collection<? extends E> c)
Creates a LinkedBlockingQueue with a capacity of Integer.MAX_VALUE, initially containing the elements of the given collection, added in traversal order of the collection's iterator.

Parameters:
c - the collection of elements to initially contain
Throws:
NullPointerException - if c or any element within it is null
Method Detail

size

public int size()
Returns the number of elements in this queue.

Specified by:
size in interface Collection<E>
Specified by:
size in class AbstractCollection<E>
Returns:
the number of elements in this queue.

remainingCapacity

public int remainingCapacity()
Returns the number of elements that this queue can ideally (in the absence of memory or resource constraints) accept without blocking. This is always equal to the initial capacity of this queue less the current size of this queue.

Note that you cannot always tell if an attempt to add an element will succeed by inspecting remainingCapacity because it may be the case that a waiting consumer is ready to take an element out of an otherwise full queue.

Specified by:
remainingCapacity in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Returns:
the remaining capacity

put

public void put(E o)
         throws InterruptedException
Adds the specified element to the tail of this queue, waiting if necessary for space to become available.

Specified by:
put in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Parameters:
o - the element to add
Throws:
InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting.
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null.

offer

public boolean offer(E o,
                     long timeout,
                     TimeUnit unit)
              throws InterruptedException
Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue, waiting if necessary up to the specified wait time for space to become available.

Specified by:
offer in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Parameters:
o - the element to add
timeout - how long to wait before giving up, in units of unit
unit - a TimeUnit determining how to interpret the timeout parameter
Returns:
true if successful, or false if the specified waiting time elapses before space is available.
Throws:
InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting.
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null.

offer

public boolean offer(E o)
Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue if possible, returning immediately if this queue is full.

Specified by:
offer in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Specified by:
offer in interface Queue<E>
Parameters:
o - the element to add.
Returns:
true if it was possible to add the element to this queue, else false
Throws:
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null

take

public E take()
       throws InterruptedException
Description copied from interface: BlockingQueue
Retrieves and removes the head of this queue, waiting if no elements are present on this queue.

Specified by:
take in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Returns:
the head of this queue
Throws:
InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting.

poll

public E poll(long timeout,
              TimeUnit unit)
       throws InterruptedException
Description copied from interface: BlockingQueue
Retrieves and removes the head of this queue, waiting if necessary up to the specified wait time if no elements are present on this queue.

Specified by:
poll in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Parameters:
timeout - how long to wait before giving up, in units of unit
unit - a TimeUnit determining how to interpret the timeout parameter
Returns:
the head of this queue, or null if the specified waiting time elapses before an element is present.
Throws:
InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting.

poll

public E poll()
Description copied from interface: Queue
Gets and removes the element in the head of the queue, or returns null if there is no element in the queue.

Specified by:
poll in interface Queue<E>
Returns:
the element in the head of the queue or null if there is no element in the queue.

peek

public E peek()
Description copied from interface: Queue
Gets but not removes the element in the head of the queue, or throws exception if there is no element in the queue.

Specified by:
peek in interface Queue<E>
Returns:
the element in the head of the queue or null if there is no element in the queue.

remove

public boolean remove(Object o)
Description copied from class: AbstractCollection
Removes the first occurrence of the specified object from this Collection. This operation traverses over the collection, looking for the specified object. Once the object is found, the object will be removed from the collection using the iterator's remove method. This collection will throw an UnsupportedOperationException if the iterator returned does not implement remove method, and the specified object is in this collection.

Specified by:
remove in interface Collection<E>
Overrides:
remove in class AbstractCollection<E>
Parameters:
o - the object to remove
Returns:
true if this Collection is modified, false otherwise

toArray

public Object[] toArray()
Description copied from class: AbstractCollection
Returns a new array containing all elements contained in this Collection. All the elements in the array will not be referenced by the collection. The elements in the returned array will be sorted to the same order as those returned by the iterator of this collection itself if the collection guarantees the order.

Specified by:
toArray in interface Collection<E>
Overrides:
toArray in class AbstractCollection<E>
Returns:
an array of the elements from this Collection

toArray

public <T> T[] toArray(T[] a)
Description copied from class: AbstractCollection
Returns an array containing all elements contained in this Collection. If the specified array is large enough to hold the elements, the specified array is used, otherwise an array of the same type is created. If the specified array is used and is larger than this Collection, the array element following the collection elements is set to null.

Specified by:
toArray in interface Collection<E>
Overrides:
toArray in class AbstractCollection<E>
Parameters:
a - the array
Returns:
an array of the elements from this Collection

toString

public String toString()
Description copied from class: AbstractCollection
Returns the string representation of this Collection. The presentation has a specific format. It is enclosed by square brackets ("[]"). Elements are separated by ', ' (comma and space).

Overrides:
toString in class AbstractCollection<E>
Returns:
the string representation of this Collection

clear

public void clear()
Description copied from class: AbstractQueue
Removes all elements of the queue.

Specified by:
clear in interface Collection<E>
Overrides:
clear in class AbstractQueue<E>
See Also:
Collection.isEmpty(), Collection.size()

drainTo

public int drainTo(Collection<? super E> c)
Description copied from interface: BlockingQueue
Removes all available elements from this queue and adds them into the given collection. This operation may be more efficient than repeatedly polling this queue. A failure encountered while attempting to add elements to collection c may result in elements being in neither, either or both collections when the associated exception is thrown. Attempts to drain a queue to itself result in IllegalArgumentException. Further, the behavior of this operation is undefined if the specified collection is modified while the operation is in progress.

Specified by:
drainTo in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Parameters:
c - the collection to transfer elements into
Returns:
the number of elements transferred.

drainTo

public int drainTo(Collection<? super E> c,
                   int maxElements)
Description copied from interface: BlockingQueue
Removes at most the given number of available elements from this queue and adds them into the given collection. A failure encountered while attempting to add elements to collection c may result in elements being in neither, either or both collections when the associated exception is thrown. Attempts to drain a queue to itself result in IllegalArgumentException. Further, the behavior of this operation is undefined if the specified collection is modified while the operation is in progress.

Specified by:
drainTo in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Parameters:
c - the collection to transfer elements into
maxElements - the maximum number of elements to transfer
Returns:
the number of elements transferred.

iterator

public Iterator<E> iterator()
Returns an iterator over the elements in this queue in proper sequence. The returned Iterator is a "weakly consistent" iterator that will never throw ConcurrentModificationException, and guarantees to traverse elements as they existed upon construction of the iterator, and may (but is not guaranteed to) reflect any modifications subsequent to construction.

Specified by:
iterator in interface Iterable<E>
Specified by:
iterator in interface Collection<E>
Specified by:
iterator in class AbstractCollection<E>
Returns:
an iterator over the elements in this queue in proper sequence.
See Also:
Iterator

Build 1.0_r1(from source)

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