Build 1.0_r1(from source)

java.util.concurrent
Class ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.util.concurrent.AbstractExecutorService
      extended by java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor
          extended by java.util.concurrent.ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor
All Implemented Interfaces:
Executor, ExecutorService, ScheduledExecutorService

public class ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor
extends ThreadPoolExecutor
implements ScheduledExecutorService

A ThreadPoolExecutor that can additionally schedule commands to run after a given delay, or to execute periodically. This class is preferable to Timer when multiple worker threads are needed, or when the additional flexibility or capabilities of ThreadPoolExecutor (which this class extends) are required.

Delayed tasks execute no sooner than they are enabled, but without any real-time guarantees about when, after they are enabled, they will commence. Tasks scheduled for exactly the same execution time are enabled in first-in-first-out (FIFO) order of submission.

While this class inherits from ThreadPoolExecutor, a few of the inherited tuning methods are not useful for it. In particular, because it acts as a fixed-sized pool using corePoolSize threads and an unbounded queue, adjustments to maximumPoolSize have no useful effect.

Since:
1.5

Nested Class Summary
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor
ThreadPoolExecutor.AbortPolicy, ThreadPoolExecutor.CallerRunsPolicy, ThreadPoolExecutor.DiscardOldestPolicy, ThreadPoolExecutor.DiscardPolicy
 
Field Summary
 
Fields inherited from class java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor
RUNNING, runState, SHUTDOWN, STOP, TERMINATED
 
Constructor Summary
ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor(int corePoolSize)
          Creates a new ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor with the given core pool size.
ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor(int corePoolSize, RejectedExecutionHandler handler)
          Creates a new ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor with the given initial parameters.
ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor(int corePoolSize, ThreadFactory threadFactory)
          Creates a new ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor with the given initial parameters.
ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor(int corePoolSize, ThreadFactory threadFactory, RejectedExecutionHandler handler)
          Creates a new ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor with the given initial parameters.
 
Method Summary
 void execute(Runnable command)
          Execute command with zero required delay.
 boolean getContinueExistingPeriodicTasksAfterShutdownPolicy()
          Get the policy on whether to continue executing existing periodic tasks even when this executor has been shutdown.
 boolean getExecuteExistingDelayedTasksAfterShutdownPolicy()
          Get policy on whether to execute existing delayed tasks even when this executor has been shutdown.
 BlockingQueue<Runnable> getQueue()
          Returns the task queue used by this executor.
(package private)  long now()
          Returns nanosecond time offset by origin
 boolean remove(Runnable task)
          Removes this task from the executor's internal queue if it is present, thus causing it not to be run if it has not already started.
<V> ScheduledFuture<V>
schedule(Callable<V> callable, long delay, TimeUnit unit)
          Creates and executes a ScheduledFuture that becomes enabled after the given delay.
 ScheduledFuture<?> schedule(Runnable command, long delay, TimeUnit unit)
          Creates and executes a one-shot action that becomes enabled after the given delay.
 ScheduledFuture<?> scheduleAtFixedRate(Runnable command, long initialDelay, long period, TimeUnit unit)
          Creates and executes a periodic action that becomes enabled first after the given initial delay, and subsequently with the given period; that is executions will commence after initialDelay then initialDelay+period, then initialDelay + 2 * period, and so on.
 ScheduledFuture<?> scheduleWithFixedDelay(Runnable command, long initialDelay, long delay, TimeUnit unit)
          Creates and executes a periodic action that becomes enabled first after the given initial delay, and subsequently with the given delay between the termination of one execution and the commencement of the next.
 void setContinueExistingPeriodicTasksAfterShutdownPolicy(boolean value)
          Set policy on whether to continue executing existing periodic tasks even when this executor has been shutdown.
 void setExecuteExistingDelayedTasksAfterShutdownPolicy(boolean value)
          Set policy on whether to execute existing delayed tasks even when this executor has been shutdown.
 void shutdown()
          Initiates an orderly shutdown in which previously submitted tasks are executed, but no new tasks will be accepted.
 List<Runnable> shutdownNow()
          Attempts to stop all actively executing tasks, halts the processing of waiting tasks, and returns a list of the tasks that were awaiting execution.
<T> Future<T>
submit(Callable<T> task)
          Submits a value-returning task for execution and returns a Future representing the pending results of the task.
 Future<?> submit(Runnable task)
          Submits a Runnable task for execution and returns a Future representing that task.
<T> Future<T>
submit(Runnable task, T result)
          Submits a Runnable task for execution and returns a Future representing that task that will upon completion return the given result.
 
Methods inherited from class java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor
afterExecute, awaitTermination, beforeExecute, finalize, getActiveCount, getCompletedTaskCount, getCorePoolSize, getKeepAliveTime, getLargestPoolSize, getMaximumPoolSize, getPoolSize, getRejectedExecutionHandler, getTask, getTaskCount, getThreadFactory, interruptIdleWorkers, isShutdown, isTerminated, isTerminating, prestartAllCoreThreads, prestartCoreThread, purge, reject, setCorePoolSize, setKeepAliveTime, setMaximumPoolSize, setRejectedExecutionHandler, setThreadFactory, terminated, workerDone
 
Methods inherited from class java.util.concurrent.AbstractExecutorService
invokeAll, invokeAll, invokeAny, invokeAny
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 
Methods inherited from interface java.util.concurrent.ExecutorService
awaitTermination, invokeAll, invokeAll, invokeAny, invokeAny, isShutdown, isTerminated
 

Constructor Detail

ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor

public ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor(int corePoolSize)
Creates a new ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor with the given core pool size.

Parameters:
corePoolSize - the number of threads to keep in the pool, even if they are idle.
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if corePoolSize less than or equal to zero

ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor

public ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor(int corePoolSize,
                                   ThreadFactory threadFactory)
Creates a new ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor with the given initial parameters.

Parameters:
corePoolSize - the number of threads to keep in the pool, even if they are idle.
threadFactory - the factory to use when the executor creates a new thread.
Throws:
NullPointerException - if threadFactory is null

ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor

public ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor(int corePoolSize,
                                   RejectedExecutionHandler handler)
Creates a new ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor with the given initial parameters.

Parameters:
corePoolSize - the number of threads to keep in the pool, even if they are idle.
handler - the handler to use when execution is blocked because the thread bounds and queue capacities are reached.
Throws:
NullPointerException - if handler is null

ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor

public ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor(int corePoolSize,
                                   ThreadFactory threadFactory,
                                   RejectedExecutionHandler handler)
Creates a new ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor with the given initial parameters.

Parameters:
corePoolSize - the number of threads to keep in the pool, even if they are idle.
threadFactory - the factory to use when the executor creates a new thread.
handler - the handler to use when execution is blocked because the thread bounds and queue capacities are reached.
Throws:
NullPointerException - if threadFactory or handler is null
Method Detail

now

final long now()
Returns nanosecond time offset by origin


remove

public boolean remove(Runnable task)
Description copied from class: ThreadPoolExecutor
Removes this task from the executor's internal queue if it is present, thus causing it not to be run if it has not already started.

This method may be useful as one part of a cancellation scheme. It may fail to remove tasks that have been converted into other forms before being placed on the internal queue. For example, a task entered using submit might be converted into a form that maintains Future status. However, in such cases, method ThreadPoolExecutor.purge() may be used to remove those Futures that have been cancelled.

Overrides:
remove in class ThreadPoolExecutor
Parameters:
task - the task to remove
Returns:
true if the task was removed

schedule

public ScheduledFuture<?> schedule(Runnable command,
                                   long delay,
                                   TimeUnit unit)
Description copied from interface: ScheduledExecutorService
Creates and executes a one-shot action that becomes enabled after the given delay.

Specified by:
schedule in interface ScheduledExecutorService
Parameters:
command - the task to execute.
delay - the time from now to delay execution.
unit - the time unit of the delay parameter.
Returns:
a Future representing pending completion of the task, and whose get() method will return null upon completion.

schedule

public <V> ScheduledFuture<V> schedule(Callable<V> callable,
                                       long delay,
                                       TimeUnit unit)
Description copied from interface: ScheduledExecutorService
Creates and executes a ScheduledFuture that becomes enabled after the given delay.

Specified by:
schedule in interface ScheduledExecutorService
Parameters:
callable - the function to execute.
delay - the time from now to delay execution.
unit - the time unit of the delay parameter.
Returns:
a ScheduledFuture that can be used to extract result or cancel.

scheduleAtFixedRate

public ScheduledFuture<?> scheduleAtFixedRate(Runnable command,
                                              long initialDelay,
                                              long period,
                                              TimeUnit unit)
Description copied from interface: ScheduledExecutorService
Creates and executes a periodic action that becomes enabled first after the given initial delay, and subsequently with the given period; that is executions will commence after initialDelay then initialDelay+period, then initialDelay + 2 * period, and so on. If any execution of the task encounters an exception, subsequent executions are suppressed. Otherwise, the task will only terminate via cancellation or termination of the executor.

Specified by:
scheduleAtFixedRate in interface ScheduledExecutorService
Parameters:
command - the task to execute.
initialDelay - the time to delay first execution.
period - the period between successive executions.
unit - the time unit of the initialDelay and period parameters
Returns:
a Future representing pending completion of the task, and whose get() method will throw an exception upon cancellation.

scheduleWithFixedDelay

public ScheduledFuture<?> scheduleWithFixedDelay(Runnable command,
                                                 long initialDelay,
                                                 long delay,
                                                 TimeUnit unit)
Description copied from interface: ScheduledExecutorService
Creates and executes a periodic action that becomes enabled first after the given initial delay, and subsequently with the given delay between the termination of one execution and the commencement of the next. If any execution of the task encounters an exception, subsequent executions are suppressed. Otherwise, the task will only terminate via cancellation or termination of the executor.

Specified by:
scheduleWithFixedDelay in interface ScheduledExecutorService
Parameters:
command - the task to execute.
initialDelay - the time to delay first execution.
delay - the delay between the termination of one execution and the commencement of the next.
unit - the time unit of the initialDelay and delay parameters
Returns:
a Future representing pending completion of the task, and whose get() method will throw an exception upon cancellation.

execute

public void execute(Runnable command)
Execute command with zero required delay. This has effect equivalent to schedule(command, 0, anyUnit). Note that inspections of the queue and of the list returned by shutdownNow will access the zero-delayed ScheduledFuture, not the command itself.

Specified by:
execute in interface Executor
Overrides:
execute in class ThreadPoolExecutor
Parameters:
command - the task to execute
Throws:
RejectedExecutionException - at discretion of RejectedExecutionHandler, if task cannot be accepted for execution because the executor has been shut down.
NullPointerException - if command is null

submit

public Future<?> submit(Runnable task)
Description copied from interface: ExecutorService
Submits a Runnable task for execution and returns a Future representing that task.

Specified by:
submit in interface ExecutorService
Overrides:
submit in class AbstractExecutorService
Parameters:
task - the task to submit
Returns:
a Future representing pending completion of the task, and whose get() method will return null upon completion.

submit

public <T> Future<T> submit(Runnable task,
                            T result)
Description copied from interface: ExecutorService
Submits a Runnable task for execution and returns a Future representing that task that will upon completion return the given result.

Specified by:
submit in interface ExecutorService
Overrides:
submit in class AbstractExecutorService
Parameters:
task - the task to submit
result - the result to return
Returns:
a Future representing pending completion of the task, and whose get() method will return the given result upon completion.

submit

public <T> Future<T> submit(Callable<T> task)
Description copied from interface: ExecutorService
Submits a value-returning task for execution and returns a Future representing the pending results of the task.

If you would like to immediately block waiting for a task, you can use constructions of the form result = exec.submit(aCallable).get();

Note: The Executors class includes a set of methods that can convert some other common closure-like objects, for example, PrivilegedAction to Callable form so they can be submitted.

Specified by:
submit in interface ExecutorService
Overrides:
submit in class AbstractExecutorService
Parameters:
task - the task to submit
Returns:
a Future representing pending completion of the task

setContinueExistingPeriodicTasksAfterShutdownPolicy

public void setContinueExistingPeriodicTasksAfterShutdownPolicy(boolean value)
Set policy on whether to continue executing existing periodic tasks even when this executor has been shutdown. In this case, these tasks will only terminate upon shutdownNow, or after setting the policy to false when already shutdown. This value is by default false.

Parameters:
value - if true, continue after shutdown, else don't.
See Also:
getExecuteExistingDelayedTasksAfterShutdownPolicy()

getContinueExistingPeriodicTasksAfterShutdownPolicy

public boolean getContinueExistingPeriodicTasksAfterShutdownPolicy()
Get the policy on whether to continue executing existing periodic tasks even when this executor has been shutdown. In this case, these tasks will only terminate upon shutdownNow or after setting the policy to false when already shutdown. This value is by default false.

Returns:
true if will continue after shutdown.
See Also:
setContinueExistingPeriodicTasksAfterShutdownPolicy(boolean)

setExecuteExistingDelayedTasksAfterShutdownPolicy

public void setExecuteExistingDelayedTasksAfterShutdownPolicy(boolean value)
Set policy on whether to execute existing delayed tasks even when this executor has been shutdown. In this case, these tasks will only terminate upon shutdownNow, or after setting the policy to false when already shutdown. This value is by default true.

Parameters:
value - if true, execute after shutdown, else don't.
See Also:
getExecuteExistingDelayedTasksAfterShutdownPolicy()

getExecuteExistingDelayedTasksAfterShutdownPolicy

public boolean getExecuteExistingDelayedTasksAfterShutdownPolicy()
Get policy on whether to execute existing delayed tasks even when this executor has been shutdown. In this case, these tasks will only terminate upon shutdownNow, or after setting the policy to false when already shutdown. This value is by default true.

Returns:
true if will execute after shutdown.
See Also:
setExecuteExistingDelayedTasksAfterShutdownPolicy(boolean)

shutdown

public void shutdown()
Initiates an orderly shutdown in which previously submitted tasks are executed, but no new tasks will be accepted. If the ExecuteExistingDelayedTasksAfterShutdownPolicy has been set false, existing delayed tasks whose delays have not yet elapsed are cancelled. And unless the ContinueExistingPeriodicTasksAfterShutdownPolicy has been set true, future executions of existing periodic tasks will be cancelled.

Specified by:
shutdown in interface ExecutorService
Overrides:
shutdown in class ThreadPoolExecutor

shutdownNow

public List<Runnable> shutdownNow()
Attempts to stop all actively executing tasks, halts the processing of waiting tasks, and returns a list of the tasks that were awaiting execution.

There are no guarantees beyond best-effort attempts to stop processing actively executing tasks. This implementation cancels tasks via Thread.interrupt(), so if any tasks mask or fail to respond to interrupts, they may never terminate.

Specified by:
shutdownNow in interface ExecutorService
Overrides:
shutdownNow in class ThreadPoolExecutor
Returns:
list of tasks that never commenced execution. Each element of this list is a ScheduledFuture, including those tasks submitted using execute, which are for scheduling purposes used as the basis of a zero-delay ScheduledFuture.

getQueue

public BlockingQueue<Runnable> getQueue()
Returns the task queue used by this executor. Each element of this queue is a ScheduledFuture, including those tasks submitted using execute which are for scheduling purposes used as the basis of a zero-delay ScheduledFuture. Iteration over this queue is not guaranteed to traverse tasks in the order in which they will execute.

Overrides:
getQueue in class ThreadPoolExecutor
Returns:
the task queue

Build 1.0_r1(from source)

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